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Fishing is more than grabbing the first rod, reel, line, hook, bait, or lure you find in the local sports store. You must carefully think about how each piece of tackle interacts with the other. But it doesn’t end there. Once you have everything you need, it is time to decide how to rig your line.
Texas rig and Carolina rig are the two most common ways to rig your line. Many anglers use either one regardless of the situation. However, while they both perform well, there are certain situations where each excel. Here, you have some of those situations:
- Texas rig is better for:
- Heavily covered waters
- Fall months
- Bass spawn seasons (This applies if you are fishing for bass of course)
- Confined spaces
- For targeting a specific area
- Shallow waters
- Calm waters
- Carolina rig is better for:
- Long casts
- Cloudy days
- Pre-spawn and post-spawn seasons
- Winter months
- Deep fishing
- Cover more water
- Live bait, jerkbaits, and crankbaits
But this is merely the tip of the iceberg. There is much more that you should know about this discussion. In the following lines, we will review how to rig each one, when, and more importantly, how you should use it.
How to Set Up a Texas Rig
The Texas rig is quite old. Its first use traces back to the 50s, and it has been a mandatory rig ever since.
The rigging process is quite simple. Grab an offset hook, plastic lure, weight, glass bead (this last one is optional), and, of course, a line.
Take the weight, preferably a bullet-shaped one, or something similar, and pass the line through it. We highly recommend using a tungsten sinker rather than lead. Why? Well, some states have banned lead sinkers. Plus, as tungsten is denser, the weight is smaller, and you can have a better feel of what is beneath the water.
Some people peg the sinker to the line, so it doesn’t move. Other anglers like to let it free, which sometimes can add extra action to the lure. It is a question of preferences. See what works better for you and stick with it.
The glass bead goes after the sinker. Like we said before, this is optional. The reason we like to use it is to prevent the weight from hitting the eye, and, thereby, the knot, which will damage it in time. Also, the glass bead produces a distinctive clank noise each time it hits the sinker, or any underwater obstacle, which could potentially attract fish. And, if that is not enough, the bead reflects light, which is especially useful when fishing on murky water.
Now, it is time to thread the hook and fix the plastic lure to it. The first thing that you should do is to pass the hook through, at least, a quarter of the lure. Then, slice it until the lure reaches the shank. Rotate the hook until the point is up.
Now, squeeze the lure until it reaches the eye. Make sure that the first bend of the offset hook passes to the other side of the lure.
Lastly, grab the rest of the lure and gently bury the point of the hook in it. Don’t poke it all the way through, though. Make sure that lure is straight, or it will lose all of the action.
Bear in mind that Texas rigs normally use light sinkers (up to 3/4 ounces). In contrast with Caroline rigs that use heavier weights (up to 1 ounce). As the weight sits right above the hook, too much weight tempers with the hook movement, thereby affecting the action of the lure. Plus, the hook size should match that of the lure. That is a big hook for large lures and so on.
When to Use a Texas Rig
Initially, you can use either rig for any kind of situation. However, as we explained before, the Texas rig might work better in certain circumstances. In others, Carolina rig will outperform it.
So, let’s see when and, most importantly, why you should use a Texas rig.
Heavily covered waters
Texas rig layout makes it the obvious option to fish on waters with thick covers or with a lot of underwater structure.
Because the weight is directly in front of the hook, you will be able to pull it through weeds. Besides, the bullet-like shape of the sinker makes things easier. Furthermore, as you don’t pierce the lure with the hook, it won’t get tangled with weeds or other underwater structure.
Carolina rig is not useful in this scenario. As the lure floats freely, it will get tangled quite easily.
Seasons and Weather for Texas Rig
Fall is where the Texas rig shines. Fish usually roam the shallows during such times. Thus, using a Texas rig is better since it doesn’t sink as much as a Carolina rig.
Now, if you are expecting to get some bass, the Texas rig has no match during spawn seasons. Bass usually stay within any underwater structure they can find. And, as we said before, this rig outperforms the Carolina rig.
Texas rig is also a good option during summer and spring. It doesn’t beat Carolina rig, but it is not worse either. We recommend whichever you like better.
A Texas rig will prove to be useful during sunny days. Fish tend to move to the shallows where a Carolina would be of little use.
First, the compact design, where the weight sits right above the hook, allows you to place the lure where you want it. Plus, the light sinkers give you more control over the cast.
Calm and Shallow Waters
A Texas rig has no match if you are fishing in shallow and calm waters. Fish have plenty of time to see the lure. And the slow action will trigger more bites, especially if the fish aren’t actively feeding.
Fishing with a Texas Rig
Using a Texas rig is quite easy. That is why it is so popular among greenhorns and seasoned anglers alike. Our recommendation is to pick a spot and cast your lure a little beyond it.
Now, it is all a waiting game. Let the lure sink for a little and then start reeling until you get a bite. Keep in mind that the retrieval should be slow to attract the attention of those fishes that aren’t actively feeding.
One thing that you must take into account is that, to use a Texas rig, you have to know where the fish are. It will be a lot harder otherwise. Plus, this setup works better on shallow waters, as it uses light sinkers that will take too much time to reach the bottom.
How to Rig a Carolina Rig
The process is quite similar to that of a Texas rig. However, this time the weight sits way above the hook. For this, you will need a glass bean, swivel, and a long piece of line to act as a leader (12 to 24 inches should be enough).
Pass the sinker and then the glass bead (some anglers use two). Now, tie the swivel and fix the leader with the hook. The piece of leader between the swivel and the hook is the main difference in this setup when compared with the Texas rig.
Lastly, follow the same procedure we explained before to fix the lure. This time, however, you can pass the point of the hook all the way through the lure.
In contrast with the Texas rig, you can use sinkers up to 1 ounce. And, you can use both plastic and live bait, whereas the Texas rig a plastic lure-only rig.
When to Use a Carolina Rig
You must be thinking that Carolina Rigs are suitable for all other situations where a Texas rig is not the best option. And while this is true, we think that it is also important to talk about the when and why of Carolina rigs.
Long Casts, Water Coverage, and Deep Fishing
Carolina rigs allow you to cover a bigger area. First, you can make longer casts since the rig uses heavier sinkers. Plus, as the lure swims a couple of inches above the bottom, it will be easily visible by any fish. Hence, Carolina rig is the clear option if you are fishing in an unknown lake, and you wish to know where the fishes are biting. Some anglers even call it a searching rig.
The heavy sinkers play a secondary and very important role. That is, getting the lure down to the bottom quicker. Thus, it is the logical option for deep fishing.
In contrast with the Texas rig, this one doesn’t work on heavily covered waters. The lures get tangled with ease, and you will end up losing them.
Seasons and Weather for Carolina Rig
We saw that Texas Rig works better during sunny days and fall. What about Carolina rigs? These are the clear options during winter months. The fishes tend to be close to the bottom to enjoy from the available warmth (keep in mind that the surface is way colder). Thus, as this rig uses heavier sinkers, you will be able to reach those fishes hiding in the depths.
Carolina rig work as well as the Texas rig during summer and spring. Thus, there is no sense in changing if you are more familiar with this setup.
Now, if you like bass fishing, you know that they are extremely active both pre- and post-spawn. And by active we mean that they move a lot. Hence, Caroline rigs are better as you can cover comer water with it.
Technically, all bodies of water move to some degree. Even lakes. Yet, we are referring to waters that move rapidly or have a strong current. In such scenarios, the Caroline rig is a better option since it uses heavier sinkers. Also, since the lure swims away from the line, the river flow will increase its movement. Thus, enhancing its appeal.
Here, Texas rig it of little use. The light sinkers are likely to get dragged by the current. And, you should know by now that the lure sits below the weight. Thus, if the weight gets dragged, so will the lure.
While Texas rigs only use plastic lures (worms more often than others), the Carolina rigs work just fine with both live bait, plastic lures, jerkbaits, and even crankbait, making it a much versatile rig.
We recommend using plastic lizards and worms. The first works better with inactive fish because you can carefully swim so all fishes can see. And the latter is an ideal option for active fishes. The tail and legs move a lot, making it irresistible for any predators lurking nearby.
Fishing with a Carolina Rig
The technique is not so different from that of the Texas rig. You need to cast the lure and let it sink. You will notice once it reaches the bottom because the line will get flabby. So, reel the line a bit to tighten it.
Then, raise the tip of the rod, and let the lure sink again, reel and repeat.
Alternatively, if you don’t like this slow retrieval technique, you can opt for a fast reeling. The only limit with Carolina rig is your imagination.
The Differences Summarized
Because we know that the differences are all scattered within each section, and you might end up missing something, we have taken the time to make a short list about each one.
- Sinkers: Texas rigs use light sinkers (up to 3/4 ounces) whereas with Carolina rigs you can go up to 1 ounce
- Rigging procedure: The sinker sits directly below the hook, in contrast with Carolina rigs where you use a 12 to 24 inches leader to separate the lure form the sinker
- Lures: Texas rig is a plastic lure-only, and you can use worms, leeches, crawdads, and others. On the other hand, Carolina rigs can use the same lures plus life bait, jerkbaits, and crankbaits.
- Glass beads: They are optional when rigging a Texas rig, but mandatory for Carolina rigs.
Which is The One for Me?
Every angler has its opinion when it comes down to lures, bait, lines, knots, reels, rods, hook, and other pieces of tackle. Thus, it will be quite difficult to find two anglers with the same setup. And, the same applies to the discussion between Texas versus Carolina Rig. Some will pledge their loyalty to Texas rigs, while others will blindly follow the Carolina style.
In our opinion, both have their pros and cons. Hence, both are excellent rigs under certain circumstances. For example, a Texas rig is better for shallow waters with lots of vegetation, rocks, and underwater structure. Additionally, it is the best rig when it is sunny outside, and the water is calm.
In contrast, Carolina rig is better for reaching those fishes that are hiding in the depths. It is also the best option if you don’t know the waters well. You can make those long casts that are necessary to explore every inch of the lake. Plus, Carolina rig outperforms Texas rig in moving waters. And, if that is not enough, it is compatible with more lures and baits than the Texas rig.
Both rigs will work during summer and spring. Therefore, use the one you like the most. But we do recommend trying both. Besides, if you know how to make one rig, you know how to make the other, since the only difference is the use of a leader.